When Were the 7 Natural Wonders of the World Decided?

The Seven Natural Wonders of the World have captivated the imagination of people for centuries. But have you ever wondered when these awe-inspiring sites were officially designated as natural wonders? Join us as we explore the fascinating history behind the selection of these seven marvels and discover how they have captured the hearts and minds of people from all over the world.

Quick Answer:
The Seven Natural Wonders of the World are a collection of seven natural landmarks that have been recognized as some of the most impressive and awe-inspiring in the world. The list of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World was first compiled by the ancient Greeks, and it has been updated and revised over time as new landmarks have been discovered and new knowledge has been gained about the natural world. Today, the Seven Natural Wonders of the World are generally considered to be the Grand Canyon in Arizona, Mount Everest in Nepal, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Northern Lights in the Arctic, the Paricutin Volcano in Mexico, the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, and the Victoria Falls in Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The History of the 7 Natural Wonders of the World

The Origin of the Concept

  • The idea of the 7 natural wonders of the world has ancient roots.
    • The first recorded mention of the 7 natural wonders was by the Greek historian Herodotus in the 5th century BCE.
      • Herodotus was a historian who traveled extensively and documented his observations in his book, “The Histories.”
      • In this book, he listed what he considered to be the 7 natural wonders of the world, which included the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, and the Pharos Lighthouse at Alexandria.
      • These wonders were not chosen based on any scientific criteria, but rather reflect the cultural and historical significance of these landmarks during that time period.
      • The concept of the 7 natural wonders has evolved over time, and different lists have been created with different criteria and inclusions.
      • However, the original list by Herodotus remains a significant milestone in the history of the 7 natural wonders of the world.

The Medieval and Renaissance Periods

During the Middle Ages, the concept of the 7 natural wonders continued to evolve. The idea of the 7 natural wonders was not widely known or recognized during this time, but it did exist in various forms. Some lists of the 7 natural wonders included religious sites, such as the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and the Temple of Solomon in Rome. Other lists focused on natural phenomena, such as the 7 natural wonders of the ancient world, which included the Pyramids of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, and the Colossus of Rhodes.

In the Renaissance, artists and writers began to create lists of the 7 natural wonders, often with a focus on the aesthetic beauty of the sites. This period saw a renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman culture, and many Renaissance artists and writers were inspired by the works of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The ancient Greeks had their own list of the 7 natural wonders, which included the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia.

Renaissance artists and writers also drew inspiration from the works of Dante Alighieri, who wrote about the 7 wonders of the world in his epic poem, “The Divine Comedy.” Dante’s list of the 7 natural wonders included the Red Sea, the Nile River, the Erythraean Sea, the Egyptian pyramids, the tomb of King Priam, the walls of Thebes, and the Colossus of Rhodes.

Overall, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance saw a variety of lists of the 7 natural wonders, with different focuses and emphases. While the concept of the 7 natural wonders was not yet widely recognized or standardized, these lists laid the groundwork for the modern concept of the 7 natural wonders of the world.

The Modern Era

  • In the 19th and 20th centuries, the 7 natural wonders became a popular tourist attraction.
    • As transportation and communication improved, more people were able to visit these natural wonders and learn about their history and significance.
    • Tourism helped to increase awareness and appreciation of these sites, but it also led to concerns about overcrowding and over-commercialization.
  • In 1997, the New7Wonders Foundation was established to promote the 7 natural wonders and organize a global vote to select the new 7 wonders of the world.
    • The foundation was created by the Swiss entrepreneur Bernard Weber, who wanted to update the list of 7 natural wonders to reflect modern interests and concerns.
    • The vote was held from 2007 to 2008 and involved more than 100 countries, with over 100 million votes cast.
    • The results were announced in 2008, with the new 7 wonders of the world being: Aurora borealis, Great Barrier Reef, Harbour of Rio de Janeiro, Jeju Island, Komodo Dragon, Mount Everest, and Stonehenge.

The Creation of the List of the 7 Natural Wonders

Key takeaway: The concept of the 7 Natural Wonders of the World has evolved over time, with different lists created based on various criteria and inclusions. The ancient Greeks played a significant role in the creation of the list, and the idea of the 7 natural wonders continued to captivate the imagination of people throughout history. In the modern era, the New7Wonders Foundation organized a global vote to select the new 7 wonders of the world, which significantly contributed to their popularization as must-visit destinations for travelers from around the globe. The 7 natural wonders include the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Everest, the Aurora, the Grand Canyon, Paricutin Volcano, the Colosseum, the Roman Bridge, and the Delta of the Nile.

The Ancient World

The ancient Greeks played a significant role in the creation of the list of the 7 natural wonders of the world. According to legend, the gods created these natural wonders as a testament to their power and to showcase their magnificence. The ancient Greeks believed that visiting these wonders was a spiritual journey that would bring them closer to the gods.

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One of the earliest written records of the 7 natural wonders is from the Greek poet Antipater of Sidon, who lived in the 3rd century BCE. Antipater was the first to write about the 7 natural wonders, and his list was widely accepted by the ancient Greeks. His list included the following wonders:

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  • The Colossus of Rhodes
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria

These wonders were chosen for their grandeur, beauty, and uniqueness. They were considered to be the most impressive natural structures in the ancient world, and people from all over would travel great distances to see them. The wonders were also seen as symbols of the power and wisdom of the gods, and visiting them was seen as a way to connect with the divine.

Over time, the list of the 7 natural wonders changed, and different writers added or removed wonders based on their own criteria. However, the core group of wonders remained largely the same, and the idea of the 7 natural wonders continued to captivate the imagination of people throughout the ancient world.

The Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, the 7 natural wonders were often associated with biblical events and figures. For example, the Red Sea was seen as the site of the parting of the waters by Moses, and Mount Sinai was believed to be the location where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. These associations helped to reinforce the idea that the natural wonders were not just physical phenomena, but also had spiritual significance.

Additionally, the 7 natural wonders were also seen as symbols of God’s power and majesty. They were believed to be evidence of God’s presence in the world, and were often used as proof of God’s existence. This belief was reinforced by the fact that many of the natural wonders were seen as being beyond the capabilities of human beings to create or control.

The association of the 7 natural wonders with biblical events and figures, as well as their status as symbols of God’s power and majesty, helped to make them popular subjects for art and literature during the Middle Ages. Many works of art and literature from this period depicted the natural wonders, and often used them as metaphors for spiritual concepts such as the divine and the sublime.

The Renaissance

During the Renaissance, a period of cultural and artistic growth that spanned from the 14th to the 17th century, the 7 natural wonders of the world gained recognition for their beauty and majesty. The movement, which originated in Italy and later spread throughout Europe, saw a renewed interest in classical knowledge and an emphasis on individualism and human potential. This period played a significant role in shaping the way people viewed and appreciated the natural world, with artists and writers often depicting the 7 natural wonders in their works.

The Renaissance brought forth a new appreciation for the beauty of nature, as humanists and artists sought to capture the essence of the natural world in their creations. Paintings, sculptures, and other works of art often featured the 7 natural wonders, showcasing their grandeur and majesty. This helped to establish the 7 natural wonders as iconic landmarks, known and celebrated across Europe.

In addition to their representation in art, the 7 natural wonders were also popular subjects for literature and other forms of written work. Poets and writers of the time often incorporated the 7 natural wonders into their poems and stories, further immortalizing them in the public consciousness. The natural wonders’ fame spread throughout Europe, with more and more people becoming familiar with their names and characteristics.

Overall, the Renaissance played a crucial role in the formation of the list of the 7 natural wonders of the world. The movement’s emphasis on beauty, individualism, and the appreciation of nature helped to establish the 7 natural wonders as celebrated landmarks, known and admired across Europe.

During the modern era, the 7 natural wonders have been widely recognized as important natural landmarks and popular tourist attractions. The global vote organized by the New7Wonders Foundation in 2007 significantly contributed to the renewed interest in these natural wonders and further enhanced their status as must-visit destinations for travelers from around the world.

In the early 21st century, the New7Wonders Foundation initiated a campaign to identify and promote the 7 natural wonders of the world. This initiative aimed to increase awareness of these remarkable natural landmarks and encourage their preservation for future generations. The foundation’s efforts received widespread attention and participation from people across the globe, resulting in a global vote that determined the 7 natural wonders as we know them today.

The 2007 global vote organized by the New7Wonders Foundation marked a pivotal moment in the history of the 7 natural wonders. This event brought together millions of people from different countries and cultures, who cast their votes to choose the 7 most impressive natural landmarks in the world. The voting process was extensive and comprehensive, with various committees and experts involved in ensuring the fairness and credibility of the results.

The outcome of the 2007 global vote led to the official recognition of the 7 natural wonders as follows: (1) the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States; (2) the Aurora in the sky above the magnetic poles; (3) the Great Barrier Reef in Australia; (4) the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil; (5) the Paricutin Volcano in Mexico; (6) the Delta of the Nile in Egypt; and (7) the Underground River in the Philippines.

In conclusion, the modern era played a crucial role in the creation of the list of the 7 natural wonders of the world. The New7Wonders Foundation’s global vote in 2007 significantly contributed to the popularization of these natural landmarks and reinforced their status as essential tourist destinations.

The Seven Natural Wonders of the World

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system and is located off the coast of Australia. It stretches for over 2,300 kilometers and is composed of more than 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands. The reef is home to thousands of species of marine life, including over 1,500 species of fish, 30 species of whales and dolphins, six species of sea turtles, and more than 1,500 species of coral.

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The Great Barrier Reef is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting millions of visitors each year. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The reef is constantly under threat from a variety of factors, including climate change, pollution, and overfishing, and efforts are being made to protect it for future generations.

Mount Everest

Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, stands tall at an elevation of 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) in the Himalayan mountain range. It is situated in Nepal, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. This colossal peak was first discovered by the British in the mid-19th century and was named after Sir George Everest, the former Surveyor General of India.

Everest is known for its steep slopes and harsh weather conditions, making it a challenging climb for even the most experienced mountaineers. The first successful ascent of Mount Everest was achieved by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953. Since then, thousands of climbers from around the world have attempted to reach the summit, with many not returning due to the treacherous conditions.

In recent years, the popularity of climbing Mount Everest has increased, leading to concerns about overcrowding and safety issues on the mountain. Despite these challenges, the allure of scaling the highest peak in the world continues to draw in adventurers from around the globe.

The Aurora

The Aurora is a mesmerizing natural phenomenon that is characterized by a striking display of light in the polar regions. This celestial event is caused by charged particles from the sun interacting with the Earth’s atmosphere. The Aurora is often associated with the northern and southern lights, which are both spectacular sightings that are revered by tourists and scientists alike.

Causes of the Aurora

The Aurora is caused by the collision of charged particles from the sun, known as solar winds, with the Earth’s atmosphere. These charged particles are propelled towards the Earth at incredibly high speeds, and when they collide with the Earth’s atmosphere, they cause a reaction that produces a burst of light. This burst of light is what we see as the Aurora.

Spectral Variations

The Aurora is not a single phenomenon, but rather a spectrum of light that is produced by a range of different reactions between the charged particles from the sun and the Earth’s atmosphere. These reactions produce different colors and patterns, which can vary depending on a range of factors such as the altitude, the time of year, and the location.

Popular Tourist Attraction

The Aurora is a popular tourist attraction, particularly in the polar regions where it is most visible. Tourists are drawn to the Aurora for its breathtaking beauty and its unique character, which is unlike anything else that can be seen in the natural world. The Aurora is often associated with the northern and southern lights, which are both popular tourist destinations in their own right.

Cultural Significance

The Aurora has cultural significance in many different societies, particularly in the Arctic and northern regions of the world. In many indigenous cultures, the Aurora is seen as a spiritual force that holds great power and significance. It is often associated with myths and legends, and is seen as a symbol of the power and majesty of the natural world.

Overall, the Aurora is a fascinating natural phenomenon that is steeped in mystery and wonder. Its mesmerizing beauty and cultural significance make it a must-see for anyone who is lucky enough to travel to the polar regions.

The Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is a breathtaking natural wonder located in Arizona, USA. It is a massive canyon that was carved by the Colorado River over millions of years. The Grand Canyon is considered one of the most spectacular and iconic landscapes in the world.

  • Formation
    The Grand Canyon is believed to have formed about 17 million years ago, during the early stages of the Colorado River’s journey through the western United States. The river carved its way through layers of rock, creating a deep canyon that stretches for over 277 miles.
  • Geology
    The Grand Canyon is composed of various geological formations, including limestone, sandstone, and granite. The rock layers in the canyon provide a unique opportunity for scientists to study the geological history of the region.
  • Wildlife
    The Grand Canyon is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including bighorn sheep, mountain lions, and golden eagles. The canyon’s unique ecosystems support a variety of plant and animal life, making it an important conservation area.
  • Popularity
    The Grand Canyon is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States, attracting millions of visitors each year. Visitors can explore the canyon’s depths by hiking, rafting, or taking a helicopter tour.
  • Preservation
    The Grand Canyon is protected by the Grand Canyon National Park, which was established in 1919. The park is committed to preserving the natural beauty and geological significance of the canyon for future generations.

Paricutin Volcano

Paricutin Volcano is a remarkable natural wonder located in the state of Michoacán in Mexico. It is particularly notable for its unique eruption event that began in 1943 and lasted for nine consecutive years.

This extraordinary volcanic event attracted significant attention from scientists and researchers, who sought to study the eruption and its effects on the surrounding environment. As a result, Paricutin Volcano has become a subject of intense study and research, with numerous scientific papers and articles published on its eruption and geological features.

The eruption of Paricutin Volcano also had a profound impact on the local community, causing the displacement of hundreds of families and the destruction of numerous homes and buildings. Despite the devastation caused by the eruption, the area around the volcano has since become a popular tourist destination, with visitors coming from all over the world to witness the unique geological phenomenon.

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Today, Paricutin Volcano remains an important geological site, offering valuable insights into the processes of volcanic eruptions and the formation of new land. Its continued study and observation contribute to our understanding of the natural world and the forces that shape it.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum is an ancient amphitheater located in Rome, Italy. It is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world and is considered to be one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. The Colosseum was built in the 1st century CE and was used for gladiatorial contests and other public events.

  • The Colosseum was constructed during the reign of Emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son, Titus, in 80 CE.
  • The amphitheater could hold up to 50,000 spectators and was used for a variety of events, including gladiatorial contests, mock sea battles, and animal hunts.
  • The Colosseum was an engineering marvel of its time and featured advanced architectural techniques, such as its massive dome-shaped roof and tiered seating.
  • Despite being damaged by earthquakes and other natural disasters over the centuries, the Colosseum remains an impressive and iconic structure that attracts millions of visitors each year.

The Roman Bridge

The Bridge’s Historical Significance

The Roman Bridge, situated in Cordoba, Spain, holds immense historical significance. Constructed during the 1st century CE, it stands as one of the oldest and most well-preserved Roman bridges in the world. Its architectural marvel has withstood the test of time, providing a tangible link to the ancient Roman civilization.

Bridge Design and Construction

The Roman Bridge showcases a remarkable engineering feat for its time. The bridge’s design incorporates a series of arches, a feature that allowed for the efficient distribution of weight and provided stability. The construction process involved the use of local materials, such as stones and mortar, which further demonstrates the advanced building techniques of the Roman era.

Bridge’s Impact on Modern Engineering

The Roman Bridge has left an indelible mark on modern engineering practices. Its innovative design and durability have inspired countless engineers and architects throughout history. Even today, modern bridges often incorporate similar arch-based designs as a tribute to the enduring legacy of the Roman Bridge.

Preservation and Cultural Significance

The Roman Bridge has been carefully preserved to protect its historical and cultural significance. Over the centuries, it has withstood various natural disasters and civil unrest, serving as a testament to the ingenuity of ancient Roman engineering. The bridge continues to be a beloved landmark in Cordoba, attracting tourists and locals alike, who marvel at its architectural beauty and historical importance.

The Importance of the 7 Natural Wonders of the World

Cultural Significance

The 7 natural wonders of the world have been celebrated for centuries as awe-inspiring sights that showcase the beauty and power of nature. Beyond their aesthetic appeal, these natural wonders hold deep cultural significance that transcends geographical and linguistic boundaries.

  • Tourism: The 7 natural wonders of the world are among the most popular tourist destinations in the world. These sites draw millions of visitors each year, generating significant revenue for local economies and contributing to the preservation of these natural wonders.
  • Education: The 7 natural wonders serve as a powerful educational tool, inspiring people of all ages to appreciate the natural world and its beauty. They also provide an opportunity to learn about geology, ecology, and other scientific disciplines.
  • Symbolic Significance: The 7 natural wonders have become symbols of natural beauty and power, appearing in literature, art, and popular culture. They are often used as metaphors for the sublime, the mysterious, and the untamed power of nature.
  • Global Recognition: The 7 natural wonders of the world are recognized and celebrated globally, transcending political and cultural boundaries. They serve as a reminder of the interconnectedness of the natural world and the importance of preserving its beauty for future generations.

FAQs

1. When were the 7 natural wonders of the world decided?

The list of the 7 natural wonders of the world has evolved over time. The most widely recognized list was created in 2007 by the New7Wonders Foundation, a Swiss-based organization. This list was determined through a global poll that spanned four years, from 2004 to 2008, and allowed people to vote for their favorite natural wonders.

2. What are the 7 natural wonders of the world?

The 7 natural wonders of the world, as decided by the New7Wonders Foundation, are: 1) the Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA, 2) Mount Everest in Nepal, 3) the Aurora borealis or Northern Lights, 4) the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, 5) Paricutin Volcano in Mexico, 6) Delta of the Nile in Egypt, and 7) the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.

3. Why were these natural wonders chosen?

These natural wonders were chosen because they are some of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring sights in the world. They represent the beauty and power of nature and have captured the imagination of people for centuries. The poll was designed to be a global vote for the most amazing natural wonders, and the results reflect the collective opinion of millions of people from around the world.

4. Are there other lists of natural wonders?

Yes, there are many other lists of natural wonders, each with their own criteria and selection process. Some lists are based on geological features, while others consider cultural or historical significance. There are also regional lists, such as the 7 natural wonders of Asia or the 7 natural wonders of Europe. The 7 natural wonders of the world, as decided by the New7Wonders Foundation, is just one example of many.

5. What is the significance of the 7 natural wonders of the world?

The 7 natural wonders of the world are significant because they represent some of the most beautiful and awe-inspiring sights in the world. They are also important cultural and historical landmarks, and many of them are protected as natural reserves or UNESCO World Heritage sites. By recognizing these natural wonders, we can raise awareness of their importance and work to protect them for future generations to enjoy.

What are The 7 Natural Wonders of The World?