What are the Two Largest Waterfalls in the World?

Types of Waterfalls

There are various types of waterfalls that can be classified based on their shape, size, and other characteristics. Here are some of the most common types of waterfalls:

Plunge Waterfalls

Plunge waterfalls are the most common type of waterfall, and they are characterized by a steep drop or a vertical fall. The water falls from a great height, creating a large splash and a lot of mist. Some of the most famous plunge waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Victoria Falls, and Iguazu Falls.

Horsetail Waterfalls

Horsetail waterfalls are also known as segmented waterfalls, and they are characterized by a series of small drops or cascades. The water flows over a series of rock steps, creating a horseshoe-shaped appearance. Some of the most famous horsetail waterfalls include Multnomah Falls in Oregon and Yosemite Falls in California.

Punch Bowl Waterfalls

Punch Bowl waterfalls are characterized by a large, deep pool at the base of the waterfall. The water falls into the pool, creating a bowl-like shape. Some of the most famous punch bowl waterfalls include Havasu Falls in Arizona and Yellowstone’s Upper and Lower Yellowstone Falls.

Block Waterfalls

Block waterfalls are characterized by a series of steep drops or falls, and they are often created by volcanic activity or glacial erosion. The water falls from a ledge or a cliff, creating a block-like shape. Some of the most famous block waterfalls include Shoshone Falls in Idaho and Dettifoss in Iceland.

Segmented Waterfalls

Segmented waterfalls are characterized by a series of small drops or cascades, similar to horsetail waterfalls. However, segmented waterfalls have a more distinct, segmented appearance, with each drop or cascade separated by a level plateau or rock shelf. Some of the most famous segmented waterfalls include Banff’s Bow Falls and Niagara Falls.

Importance of Waterfalls

Waterfalls are a fascinating natural phenomenon that has captivated the imagination of people around the world for centuries. They are not only breathtakingly beautiful but also have a profound impact on the environment, economy, and culture of the regions they exist in. In this section, we will explore the importance of waterfalls in more detail.

Ecological Significance

Waterfalls play a crucial role in the ecosystem of the region they exist in. They provide a unique habitat for a variety of plants and animals, including fish, amphibians, and insects. Many of these species are endemic to the area and are found nowhere else in the world. In addition, waterfalls help to regulate the flow of water in rivers and streams, which can have a significant impact on the surrounding ecosystem.

Tourism Significance

Waterfalls are a popular tourist destination and can be a significant source of income for local communities. They attract visitors from all over the world who come to see their beauty and power. In many cases, waterfalls have become the cornerstone of the local tourism industry, providing jobs and economic growth. This can have a positive impact on the local community, as the revenue generated from tourism can be used to fund infrastructure improvements, education, and healthcare.

Cultural Significance

Waterfalls have also played an important role in the culture of many societies throughout history. In many cases, they have been revered as sacred sites and have been the subject of myths and legends. For example, the legend of the “Victoria Falls” in Africa tells the story of a young girl who, upon hearing the roar of the falls, threw herself into the water in an act of suicide. In other cultures, waterfalls have been associated with love, fertility, and rebirth.

Overall, waterfalls are an important natural resource that have a significant impact on the environment, economy, and culture of the regions they exist in. As such, it is essential that we work to protect and preserve these beautiful natural wonders for future generations to enjoy.

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Waterfalls are awe-inspiring natural wonders that leave us mesmerized. The sheer force of water cascading down from great heights creates a spectacle that is both breathtaking and powerful. Among these majestic waterfalls, two stand out as the largest in the world, each boasting an impressive height and width that make them truly remarkable. These giants of the waterfall world are sure to leave you in wonder, as we explore the enchanting beauty of the two largest waterfalls on Earth.

Quick Answer:
The two largest waterfalls in the world are the Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and Zambia, and the Iguazu Falls in Brazil and Argentina. Victoria Falls is located on the Zambezi River and is known for its immense size and powerful crashing water. It is over a mile wide and drops over 350 feet into the gorge below. Iguazu Falls, on the other hand, is made up of 275 separate falls that span over 1.7 miles. It is located on the Iguazu River and is known for its stunning beauty and natural splendor. Both waterfalls are popular tourist destinations and offer visitors the opportunity to experience the raw power and beauty of nature.

The Two Largest Waterfalls in the World

Niagara Falls


Niagara Falls is located on the border of Canada and the United States, specifically between the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York. It is situated on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario.


Niagara Falls is made up of three distinct waterfalls: the American Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls, and the Horseshoe Falls. The Horseshoe Falls, which is located on the Canadian side of the border, is the largest of the three and stands at a height of approximately 170 feet (52 meters).


The width of Niagara Falls varies depending on the season and the amount of water flowing over it. On average, the American Falls is about 670 feet (204 meters) wide, while the Horseshoe Falls is approximately 1,100 feet (335 meters) wide.

Flow Rate

The flow rate of Niagara Falls is approximately 2,800 cubic feet (80,000 liters) per second. However, this can vary depending on the time of day, as more water flows over the falls during the spring and summer months than during the winter.

Natural History

Niagara Falls has been a popular tourist destination for over 200 years. Its natural beauty and power have captivated visitors from all over the world, and it has become a symbol of the strength and majesty of nature.

Tourism and Conservation

Tourism is a major industry in the Niagara Falls area, with millions of visitors coming to see the falls each year. To protect the natural beauty of the falls and ensure its continued enjoyment by future generations, efforts have been made to conserve the area and minimize the impact of tourism on the environment. These efforts include the establishment of parks and nature reserves, the use of sustainable tourism practices, and the implementation of environmental education programs.

Iguazu Falls

Iguazu Falls is located on the border of Brazil and Argentina, in the south of the two countries. It is situated in the middle of the Iguazu River, which originates in the Paraná Plateau in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and flows into the Paraná River in the state of Misiones, Argentina.

The height of Iguazu Falls varies along its length, but at its highest point, it reaches 80 meters (262 feet).

The width of the falls varies from 150 meters (492 feet) to 300 meters (984 feet).

The flow rate of the Iguazu River varies throughout the year, but during the rainy season, it can reach up to 3,000 cubic meters per second.

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Iguazu Falls is formed by the erosion of the rocks due to the constant flow of water over millions of years. The falls are composed of two different types of rocks, granite and basalt, which create a unique contrast in color and texture.

The Iguazu River is also home to a variety of plant and animal species, including the famous “Devil’s Throat” where the water falls from a height of 80 meters.

Iguazu Falls is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The falls are easily accessible from both Brazil and Argentina, with several tour operators offering guided tours of the falls and the surrounding area.

The falls are also protected by several conservation organizations, including the World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for Conservation of Nature. These organizations work to preserve the natural beauty of the falls and protect the local wildlife and ecosystem.

Other Notable Waterfalls

Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls is located in southern Africa, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is situated in the upper reaches of the Zambezi River, which flows through several countries before eventually draining into the Indian Ocean.

Victoria Falls is considered one of the world’s largest waterfalls by height. Its total drop is approximately 354 feet (108 meters), making it higher than Niagara Falls in North America.

Victoria Falls is also notable for its width, which measures around 5,604 feet (1,708 meters) at its widest point. This makes it the largest waterfall in the world in terms of width.

The flow rate of Victoria Falls varies throughout the year, with the highest flow typically occurring during the wet season between March and May. During this time, the waterfall can spray water up to 400 feet (120 meters) into the air.

Victoria Falls was named after the British Queen Victoria and was discovered by Scottish explorer David Livingstone in 1855. The waterfall has played an important role in the history of the region, with the Zambezi River providing a vital source of water for local communities and wildlife.

Victoria Falls is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from around the world who come to witness its awe-inspiring beauty. The waterfall is surrounded by lush rainforest, which is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species.

However, the popularity of Victoria Falls has also brought challenges for conservation efforts. The influx of tourists has put pressure on the surrounding environment, and efforts are underway to ensure that the waterfall and its surrounding ecosystem are protected for future generations.

Angel Falls

Angel Falls is located in the Canaima National Park in the state of Bolívar in Venezuela. It is situated in the Cordillera de la Culata, a mountain range in the Guayana region.

Angel Falls is the world’s highest waterfall, with a height of 979 meters (3,212 feet) from its summit to the base of the falls. The height of the waterfall alone is 807 meters (2,654 feet).

The width of Angel Falls varies throughout the year due to seasonal changes. During the rainy season, which typically occurs between May and November, the width of the falls can reach up to 30 meters (98 feet). During the dry season, the width decreases to around 15 meters (49 feet).

The flow rate of Angel Falls is approximately 665 cubic meters (23,500 cubic feet) per second. This flow rate is significantly higher than that of Niagara Falls, which has a flow rate of around 180 cubic meters (6,400 cubic feet) per second.

Angel Falls is named after Jimmie Angel, an American aviator who was the first person to fly over the falls. The falls are formed by the Pemon people, a indigenous tribe in the region. The water of the falls comes from the Churun River, which is a tributary of the Carrao River.

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The falls are also known as Salto Angel or Kerepakupai Meru, which means “waterfall of the deepest place” in the language of the Pemon people.

Angel Falls is a popular tourist destination, and visitors can reach the falls by plane or by boat. The falls are protected by the Canaima National Park, which was established in 1962 to preserve the area’s natural beauty and cultural heritage. The park is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including the tepui, a type of table-top mountain, and the Roraiman river turtle, which is considered to be one of the world’s most endangered species.

Visitors to the falls are required to follow guidelines set by the park’s rangers to ensure the preservation of the area’s natural resources. This includes avoiding the use of soap and shampoo in the park’s rivers and lakes, and not leaving any trash or trash behind. The park also provides educational programs and workshops for visitors to learn about the region’s unique flora and fauna.


Dettifoss is located in the Vatnajökull National Park in Northeast Iceland. It is the most northerly waterfall of its size and is one of the country’s most famous and spectacular waterfalls.

Dettifoss is approximately 100 feet (30 meters) tall, making it one of the tallest waterfalls in Europe.

The waterfall’s width is approximately 100 feet (30 meters), which makes it one of the widest waterfalls in the world.

Dettifoss has a high flow rate, with an average of 197 cubic meters of water flowing over the waterfall every second.

Dettifoss is formed by the eruption of water from the nearby Jökulsá river, which is fed by melting glaciers from the Vatnajökull glacier. The waterfall is surrounded by rugged and barren landscape, with no vegetation or wildlife in the immediate vicinity.

Dettifoss is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from around the world. However, the area around the waterfall is protected and visitors are required to stay on designated trails to minimize their impact on the environment. The waterfall is also protected by law and any activities that may harm the waterfall or its surroundings are strictly prohibited.


1. What are the two largest waterfalls in the world?

The two largest waterfalls in the world are the Niagara Falls and the Iguazu Falls.

2. Where are the Niagara Falls located?

The Niagara Falls are located on the border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of New York.

3. Where are the Iguazu Falls located?

The Iguazu Falls are located on the border between the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones.

4. How tall are the Niagara Falls?

The Niagara Falls are approximately 167 feet (51 meters) tall.

5. How tall are the Iguazu Falls?

The Iguazu Falls are approximately 270 feet (82 meters) tall.

6. Which waterfall has more water flow?

The Iguazu Falls have more water flow than the Niagara Falls, with an average of 1,700,000 cubic feet (49,000 cubic meters) per second compared to the Niagara Falls’ average of 2,800 cubic feet (83 cubic meters) per second.

7. Are the Niagara Falls and the Iguazu Falls the only largest waterfalls in the world?

No, there are other waterfalls in the world that are larger than the Niagara Falls and the Iguazu Falls, but they are not as well known.